King Baboon Tarantula

King baboon spider
Pelinobius muticus adult.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Chelicerata
Class: Arachnida
Order: Araneae
Infraorder: Mygalomorphae
Family: Theraphosidae
Genus: Pelinobius
Karsch, 1885[1]
P. muticus
Binomial name
Pelinobius muticus
Karsch, 1885

Pelinobius or the king baboon[citation needed] is a monotypic genus of east African tarantulas containing the single species, Pelinobius muticus. It was first described by Ferdinand Anton Franz Karsch in 1885,[3] and is found in Tanzania and Kenya.[1]


The king baboon spider is rusty brown to orange in color. They live in the shrublands and grasslands of east Africa, often using vegetation as a protective cover for their burrows. They are one of the few tarantulas that use stridulation as a major defense mechanism in addition to rearing up and striking. They produce the stridulation sound effect by rubbing the femurs of their first and second pairs of legs.

They are a slow-growing species, but can reach a leg span of up to 20 centimetres (7.9 in). They are burrowing spiders with thick back legs used for digging. They generally hunt beetles, cockroaches, and other spiders, and they will put silk near the entrance to its burrow to detect vibrations of passing prey.

In captivity

They are popular among collectors, but they tend to be highly defensive, lacking urticating hairs, and are not suitable for beginners. They have very strong venom, though none are known to be deadly to humans. A bite from a smaller spider will cause sharp pain and localized itchiness for five days.[4]

Adults can be kept in a converted aquarium if given plenty of ventilation and a substrate at least 25 centimetres (9.8 in) deep. Younger spiders can be kept in small containers, such as pill tubs and waxworm tubs, but will need deeper containers as they grow.[4]

See also


  1. ^ a b c "Gen. Pelinobius Karsch, 1885". World Spider Catalog Version 20.0. Natural History Museum Bern. 2020. doi:10.24436/2. Retrieved 2020-06-06.
  2. ^ Gallon, R. C. (2010). "On some southern African Harpactirinae, with notes on the eumenophorines Pelinobius muticus Karsch, 1885 and Monocentropella Strand, 1907 (Araneae, Theraphosidae)". Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society. 15 (2): 43.
  3. ^ Karsch, F. (1885). "Verzeichniss der von Dr. G. A. Fischer auf der im Auftrage der geographischen Gesellschaft in Hamburg unternommen Reise in das Massai-Land gesammelten Myriopoden und Arachnoiden". Jahrbuch der Hamburgischen Wissenschaftlichen Anstalten. 2: 131–139.
  4. ^ a b Klátil, Lubomír (1998). Sklípkani: krasavci s chlupatýma nohama. Nakl. Kabourek Zlín. pp. 37, 40. ISBN 978-80-901466-5-5.

External links


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